You are here: Home / Completed Research / Interseeding of camelina into corn and soybean

Interseeding of camelina into corn and soybean

Camelina [Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz.] is an industrial oilseed crop in the Brassicaceae family with multiple uses. Currently, camelina is not used as a cover crop, but it has the potential to be used as such in corn-soybean cropping systems. The objective of this study was to determine the agronomic performance of winter camelina intersown as a cover crop into standing soybean or maize crops prior to their harvest. Experiments were conducted in Fargo, ND in 2014, Prosper, ND, in 2015, and in Morris, MN in 2014 and 2015. The row spacing of 24 and 30 inches in corn, 24 and 12 inches in soybean were used and different corn or soybean growth stages were used for relay-sowing of camelina. Winter camelina was sown on four different dates: Date 1 (SD1), at the same sowing date as maize and soybean, Date 2 (SD2) at V4-V5 of maize and V3-V4 of soybean growth stages, Date 3 (SD3) at ‘silking’ of maize and R1-R2 stage of soybean, and Date 4 (SD4) after maize and soybean harvest. Camelina establishment into standing maize and soybean largely depended on rainfall after sowing. Camelina intersown on SD1 resulted in lower maize and soybean grain and biomass yield of 14 and 10%, respectively, whereas intersowing after SD2 had no significant effect
(Fig. 12, 13, 14, 15 and Table 2)


Results indicate that camelina intersown after V4-V5 of maize or V3-V4 of soybean stages will likely avoid competition with the primary cash crop. Camelina establishment and winter survival was best when sown after maize and soybean harvest, and tended to be greater in soybean. However, there are 11 many unanswered questions on camelina intersowing management. New research will allow optimization of intersowing management to increase yields of both crops while enhancing ecosystem services.

This is Schools Diazo Plone Theme